Now that you know how all about how to grow fruit, it’s time to look at the astounding varieties of fruit trees you can grow.
We did a lot of research to give you tons of information about all the different varieties of apples and other fruit.
The following information will tell you about the growth and taste characteristics of apples, peaches, nectarines and figs. You will enjoy reading through this so you can find the ideal fruit to grow for yourself.
Please note that the “hours” mentioned in the following material refers to the number of chilling hours the fruit trees require so they can produce fruit properly:
Mature trees grow to 20 ft high and ten feet in diameter. Two or more varieties are needed for best fruit set, due to the need for pollination.
Fruit production expected during 3rd year after planting.
ANNA - Low chill hours apple, developed in Israel. Remarkable fruit for mild-winter climates in So. California, So. Arizona. Heavy crops of sweet, crisp, flavorful apples even in low desert. Keeps 2 mos. in refrigerator. Self-fruitful or pollinated by Dorsett Golden or Einshemer. Trees are vigorous and relatively disease free. Fruit is crisp with excellent flavor and 30-50% red blush over green. Ripens late June.
DORSETT GOLDEN - Low chill apple. Excellent pollinator for Anna. Heavy producer. High quality, golden fruit. Fruit is sweet, crisp, and has a mildly sprite flavor. Ripens late June.
EIN SHEMER - Low chill apple. Self-pollinating. Good pollinator for Anna. Crisp, tart, good quality flesh. A low chilling selection from Israel. Bears at young age. Very productive. Ripens early June.
GALA - Mid chill apple. Red striping gives golden skin a red-orange color. Crisp, aromatic flesh with touch of tartness. Excellent quality fruit that stores well. Ripens mid-summer to early fall.
GRANNY SMITH - Low chill variety from Australia. Self-pollinating. Large green fruit with glossy smooth skin. Excellent quality tart-sweet, all-purpose apple. Ripens early fall.
MOLLY’S DELICIOUS - Mid chill, excellent quality red apple. Large fruit has light yellow ground color and bright red blush. Sweet taste is excellent for fresh eating or juice. Vigorous tree. Ripens mid-late July.
RED DELICIOUS - Requires high chilling. Favorite for generations. One of the better-known apple varieties. Creamy-white, sweet flesh with bright red skin. Plant in northern areas only.
YELLOW or GOLDEN DELICIOUS – Mid-chilling. Parent of many low-chilling apple varieties. Large, golden fruit ripens late summer. Aromatic white flesh with mild, sweet and distinctive flavor. Self-fertile and good pollinator.
ARKANSAS BLACK APPLE - Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. 800 hours. Partly self-fruitful.
BRAEBURN APPLE - New, from New Zealand. Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. 700 hours (est.). Self-fruitful.
BRAMLEY'S SEEDLING APPLE - England's favorite cooking apple. Large in size, with very tart, creamy yellow flesh that makes highly flavored pies and sauce. Also good for cider. First-picked fruits are mostly green, riper fruit greenish-yellow with uneven reddish or brownish stripes to brownish orange with little or no green. Fully ripened fruit is firm, juicy, less tart and suited to fresh use. Very high in vitamin C. Mid-season harvest, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps two months. Spreading tree is heavy-bearing and disease resistant. Originated in England in the early 1800s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Sterile pollen, pollenizer required.
CHEHALIS APPLE - Highly scab-resistant variety discovered near Chehalis, Washington in 1937. Large fruit, resembling Golden Delicious. Greenish-yellow to yellow skin, sometimes blushed pink. Cream-colored flesh is crisper than Golden Delicious, the shape more elongated. Sweet, subacid, mild flavor. Used fresh and for baking. Early harvest, just before McIntosh. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
CORTLAND APPLE - Large red apple derived from McIntosh. Long-time favorite in eastern U.S. for fresh eating, cooking and cider. Sweet-tart, flavorful, non-browning white flesh. Early harvest, a few days after McIntosh. Precocious, productive tree, hardy to -40 degrees Fahrenheit. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
ELSTAR APPLE - Fine quality, all-purpose apple originating in Holland about 1955. Similar to Jonagold, but a better keeper. Ancestry includes Golden Delicious and Cox Orange Pippin. Medium to large size, round to conic shape, with yellow skin mostly striped with light red or reddish-orange. Occasional russeting around stem. Firm, crisp, creamy white flesh with outstanding flavor. Best quality in cool summer climates. Fruit may be tree-ripened, or ripened in storage. Ripens early, just ahead of Gala. Tree begins bearing at young age. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. This is a mid-season or late-blooming variety such as Gala, Fuji, Granny Smith, or Melrose.
EMPIRE APPLE - Sweet and juicy, sprightly flavor, a cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious. McIntosh-type apple for hot summer climates. Heavy bearing tree. Early fall harvest. Good pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
FUJI APPLE - Recent introduction from Japan that quickly became California's favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
GALA APPLE - (Original Gala) Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish-orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2-3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement apparently less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE - Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Mid-season harvest (September in Central Calif.). 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
GOLDEN RUSSET APPLE - One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, subacid, creamy yellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Medium size. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking. Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central California. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree until frost; fruit stored properly keeps til April.
Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green or greenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly on the tips of branches. Good disease resistance.
Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russet sometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
GORDON APPLE - Popular variety for Southern Calif. Low chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Red over green skin, good quality. For fresh use and cooking. Self-fruitful.
GRANNY SMITH APPLE - From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 600 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful.
GRAVENSTEIN APPLE - (Green Gravenstein) Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful, tart. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollen-sterile, pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious.
HARALSON APPLE - Extremely winter hardy tree, often begins bearing in second year. Medium-sized fruit is red-striped to solid red. Firm, crisp and juicy with a mild, slightly tart flavor. Used fresh and for cider, especially suitable for baking. Early harvest, between McIntosh and Jonathan. Excellent keeper: retains its quality for 4-6 months. Vigorous, heavy-bearing tree. Developed in Minnesota, introduced in 1923. 1,000 hours. Self-fruitful.
JONAGOLD APPLE - Superb flavor - connoisseurs' choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 7-800 hours. Pollinated by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious.
MUTSU (CRISPIN) APPLE - A favorite of connoisseurs: very large, crisp and flavorful. Late September/October harvest. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. 600 hours. Pollen sterile - pollinated by Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala.
PINK LADY APPLE - (Cripps Pink) New hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet-tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish-pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful. 4-500 hours.
PINK PEARL APPLE - Unusual pink-fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium size, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required.
RED DELICIOUS APPLE - (Bisbee Spur) Sweet, crisp, flavorful - perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollinated by Liberty, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala.
RED DELICIOUS BISBEE SPUR APPLE - Sweet, crisp, flavorful - perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollinated by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, or Golden Delicious.
RED FUJI APPLE - Redder-skinned bud sport of Fuji. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Ripe September-October in Central Calif. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Self-fruitful.
ROME BEAUTY APPLE - Late blooming. This type is a good choice where hard freezes in late spring are common. Large, round, red, used primarily for cooking. Heavy bearing. Late harvest. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
SIERRA BEAUTY APPLE - Favorite late apple in No. Calif. Yellow with red blush, rich sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
SPITZENBURG APPLE - Old variety, regarded by some connoisseurs as the very best dessert apple. Red over yellow skin, yellowish flesh. Firm, juicy, moderately sweet, renowned flavor. Good keeper. 800 hours. Pollenizer required.
WHITE WINTER PEARMAIN APPLE - High quality, all-purpose apple - an old favorite, especially for fresh use. Widely adapted, including California's mild-winter coastal climates. Medium to large size, round to oval shape, pale yellow skin with dull red blush. Cream-colored flesh is fine-grained, crisp, juicy and aromatic with a rich, subacid to sprightly flavor.
September/October harvest, good keeper. Healthy, vigorous, spreading, heavy-bearing tree. Excellent pollinator for other apples. Believed to be the oldest known English apple, dating back to 1200 A.D. Low winter chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Self-fruitful.
YELLOW NEWTON PIPPIN APPLE - Yellow-green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. For peak flavor and acid/sugar balance, wait to harvest til cheeks are blushed yellowish-green (late Oct./early Nov. in Central Calif.). Good keeper. Famous for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
YORK APPLE - (York Imperial) One of the very best apples for keeping: in a cool location, it holds its flavor til April or May. Fine quality for dessert use, excellent for baking and cider. Greenish-yellow skin with light red blush and stripes to nearly fully red, occasionally russeted at either end. Very firm, coarse, yellow flesh is crisp, juicy and slightly aromatic, with a semi-sweet flavor.
Medium to large size, many fruits having a characteristic lopsided, rectangular shape. Late harvest, with or just ahead of Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Fairly large tree is moderately winter hardy, late-blooming, disease-resistant. At its best on heavier clay soils. Discovered near York, Pennsylvania; first propagated prior to 1830. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
TRANSCENDENT CRABAPPLE - Yellow skin with pink or red blush to almost entirely red. Up to 2 inches wide. Creamy yellow flesh is crisp, juicy and flavorful. Late summer harvest. Medium-sized tree, consistent crops. 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Plant figs on 15 ft. diameter apart from each other. Plant on south side of buildings for winter protection. Figs are a warm-temperature fruit, but under optimum conditions will withstand temperatures down to 10 degrees F. Little maintenance required. All varieties are self-fruitful.
BROWN TURKEY - Developed from Celeste. Very prolific, bears on young wood. Fruit is medium in size, bronze skin with white flesh. Fruit good for making preserves, very sweet. Long ripening season is from mid-July through mid-September.
CELESTE - Large tree. Most widely planted variety in this area. Bears on two-year-old wood. Excellent fruit quality, good for fresh eating and preserves. Medium fruit is resistant to souring and splitting. Begins ripening in June and continues to produce fruit for 3 - 6 weeks.
LSU PURPLE - Fruit are medium in size with a glossy, purple skin. Fruit may be produced on young trees one-two years old. Variety is considered ever bearing with potentially three crops a year, but heavy crop peaks in early July. Tree is vigorous, upright growing, and has average cold tolerance.
MAYHAW - Native tree. Self-fertile. Small, red berries ripen in late April-May. Berries are excellent for making jellies. Mayhaw jelly claimed by many to be one of the best to be made. Profuse bloom of white flowers in early spring and attractive tree make it excellent for ornamental uses also. Plant on 15 ft. spacing.
BLACK JACK FIG - Large, purplish-brown figs with sweet, juicy, strawberry-red flesh. Harvest August to October in Central California. Naturally small (semi-dwarf) tree. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
BLACK MISSION FIG - The favorite. Purplish-black skin, strawberry- colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
CELESTIAL FIG - Purplish-brown skin, pink flesh. Widely adapted. Two crops per year - early summer and late summer to early fall. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
CONADRIA FIG - Light greenish-yellow skin, pink flesh. Not as sweet as Kadota, but resists spoilage. Fresh/dried. Very vigorous, long-lived tree. Heavy crops coast or inland. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
FLANDERS FIG - Medium sized long necked fruit with violet stripes and scattered white specks; amber to white meat with light strawberry pulp. Rich flavor, split resistant, highly productive. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
IMPROVED BROWN TURKEY FIG - Large, brown skin, pink flesh. Sweet, rich flavor, used fresh. Widely adapted - coast or inland climate. Small tree, prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
SEEDLESS FIGS AND TIGER FIGS
JANICE SEED-LESS KADOTA FIG - New `white' fig. Large, sweet, delicious, light greenish-yellow fruit with practically no seeds. Prolonged harvest, August through November at Fremont, Calif. Suited to coastal and inland climates. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
KADOTA FIG - Large, light greenish-yellow 'white' skin, amber flesh. Long-lived, vigorous. Prune to any shape. Very sweet fruit needs hot weather to ripen. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
KING FIG (DESERT KING) - Light green 'white' skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh-eating quality. Large breba (spring) crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winter pruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
OSBORNE PROLIFIC FIG - Large fruit with very attractive purplish-brown skin, amber pulp. Especially pleasing flavor. Long-time favorite in cool coastal areas, excellent inland as well. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
PANACHE (TIGER) FIG - Especially fine flavor! Small to medium sized fruit, green in color with yellow "tiger" stripes. Strawberry pulp is blood-red in color. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
WHITE GENOA FIG - Old variety, a favorite in cool coastal areas -also excellent inland. Greenish-yellow skin, amber flesh, distinctive flavor. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Ask local ag experts which varieties of peaches are best suited to your area. Plant different varieties to extend harvest season. Most varieties are self-fruitful. Plant on 25 foot centers.
BELLE OF GEORGIA - Requires 850 chilling hours. An old favorite white-fleshed peach. Partial red-blushed skin. Fruit is soft and juicy. Good for fresh eating, low-acid makes flavor very sweet. Freestone. Ripens second week in July.
ELBERTA - Requires 850 chilling hours. Best-known yellow canning peach. Freestone. Fruit is large, attractive, and good quality. Rich, sweet flavor. Heavy producer. Ripens third week in July.
FLORDAKING - Requires 450 chilling hours. Very early, ripening third week in May. Large yellow-fleshed clingstone fruit. Early bearer and vigorous grower.
HALE HAVEN - Requires 850 chilling hours. Large freestone fruit of firm, but juicy yellow flesh. Exceptional quality. High yielder. Ripens early July.
HARVESTER - Requires 750 chilling hours. Large, freestone fruit of excellent quality. Red skin over yellow flesh. Ripens third week of June.
HAWTHORNE - Requires 550 chilling hours. Produces heavy crop of large freestone fruit of good quality, firmness, and texture. Yellow flesh with heavy surface blush. Stores well. Ripens last week of June.
LA FELICIANA - Requires 550 chilling hours. Freestone, 2 1/2 - 2 3/4 inch fruit. Heavy producer. Very popular, best-known LSU variety. Ripens first week in July.
LA FESTIVAL - Requires 450 chilling hours. Freestone, large fruit with yellow flesh flecked with red. Trees are vigorous and productive. Ripens third week in June.
LA PECHE - Requires 450 chilling hours. LSU variety. Heavy producer of medium-large semi-freestone fruit. Flesh is yellow and red. Trees are vigorous and productive. Ripens third week in June.
SAM HOUSTON - Requires 500 chilling hours. Medium size. Freestone with small pit. Yellow fresh is firm with mild flavor. Distinctive taste. Ripens mid-late June.
ARCTIC SUPREME WHITE PEACH - Two-time taste test winner. Large, white flesh, nearly freestone when fully ripe. Red over cream colored skin. Sweet and tangy, fine delicate flavor, firm texture. Peak quality reached a short while after picking. Harvest late July/early August in Central Calif. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
BABCOCK WHITE PEACH - Long-time favorite white-fleshed freestone. Sweet and juicy, aromatic, low in acid. High-scoring in taste tests. Ripens mid-July in Central Calif. Widely adapted (low chill requirement, yet not early blooming). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
CARNIVAL PEACH - Very late season yellow freestone. Large red-skinned fruit ripens late September to early October in central California. Vigorous, productive tree. Estimated chilling requirement 5-600 hours. Self-fruitful.
COMPACT FLAVORETTE GENETIC SEMI-DWARF PEACH - Naturally small tree, to about 10 ft. high. Delicious freestone fruit: red-streaked orange flesh with rich, tangy flavor - high-scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central Calif. Ideal for home orchard. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
DONUT WHITE PEACH - Also called Saucer or Peento Peach. Unique white-fleshed fruit with a sunken center (shaped like a doughnut). Sweet, with a mild flavor described by some as almond-like. Ripens late June/early July in Central Calif. Estimated chilling requirement 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
ELDORADO MINIATURE PEACH - Well-known Jackson & Perkins variety. Exceptionally high quality, richly-flavored fruit. Yellow freestone, attractive red-blushed skin. Harvest early to mid-June. 4-5 ft. tree. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
ELBERTA PEACH - Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich, peach flavor: high-scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned, cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central Calif., up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 800 hours. Self- fruitful.
ELEGANT LADY PEACH - Well-known fresh market peach. Large, firm, yellow freestone(bright red at pit). Red over yellow skin. High fruit tasting scores: excellent flavor, balanced sugar and acid. Harvest late July in Central California. Introduced about 1979. Chilling requirement 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
FAIRTIME PEACH - Highly esteemed late season peach - one of the last to ripen(about six weeks after Elberta), and one of the best. Large, yellow freestone with distinctive, smooth, rich, peach flavor. Attractive yellow skin with bright red blush where exposed to sun. Used fresh and for freezing. Mid-September in Central Calif. Early bloom. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
FAY (LATE) ELBERTA PEACH - Popular yellow freestone: juicy, moderately sweet, flavorful. Fresh/can/freeze/dry. Ripens 1-2 days later than Elberta in Central California (August 1st. Blooms earlier. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
PEACHES FOR WARM CLIMATES
FLORDAPRINCE PEACH - From Florida, successfully grown in Southern California/Arizona. Larger fruit than Desert Gold, more tolerant of desert heat, better flavor. Semi-freestone when soft-ripe. Ripens early May in warm areas. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
GOLD DUST PEACH - Best early season yellow peach: very high scores for flavor and overall appeal in Dave Wilson Nursery blind taste tests. Semi-freestone ripens mid to late June in Central Calif., 2-3 weeks ahead of Redhaven. All-purpose, superb for eating fresh. Not an early bloomer. 550 hours. Self-fruitful.
HALFORD CLING PEACH - Large yellow canning cling, the leading commercial variety. Very good quality. Productive. Early September in Central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
HONEY BABE MINIATURE PEACH - Sweet, yellow freestone, rich peach flavor. Heavy bearing 5 ft. tree. Early to mid-July in Central Calif. Excellent choice for home orchard. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. INDIAN BLOOD CLING PEACH Large, late season canning peach. Red- skinned, red flesh, rich flavor. Blooms late, sets heavy crops. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
INDIAN FREE PEACH - Taste test winner, and one of the all-time highest rated fruits at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollinate.
J.H. HALE PEACH - Old variety, still one of the best. Very large, firm, superb flavor. Fresh/canned. Ripe August 1st in Central Calif. Excellent frost hardiness. 800 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollinate.
JUNE PRIDE PEACH - Intensely flavored, highly colored yellow freestone. Perhaps the best-flavored peach for its season - July 1st in Central Calif. Excellent early peach for home orchards. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
JULY (KIM) ELBERTA PEACH - Also called Early Elberta. Reliable heavy crops. Juicy, sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone fruit for canning, freezing, or fresh use. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
NECTAR WHITE PEACH - (Original Nectar) One of the finest white peaches. Medium to large fruit with dark pink blush over a beautiful cream to pale green background. White freestone flesh, tinged with red, is sweet with exceptional flavor and aroma. Harvest three weeks before Elberta. Originated in Bakersfield, Calif., introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
O'HENRY PEACH - Popular fresh market yellow freestone now available for home planting. Large, firm, full red skin, superb flavor. Ripens early to mid-August in Central Calif. Good for freezing. Strong, vigorous, heavy bearing tree. 750 hours. Self-fruitful. Q-1-8 WHITE PEACH leaf curl-resistant variety, tested at the WSU research station at Mt. Vernon, Washington. In the Dave Wilson Nursery orchards, the white-fleshed, semi-freestone fruit is sweet and juicy like Babcock, with a more sprightly flavor. Harvest mid to late July in Central Calif. Showy blossoms. 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
RED BARON PEACH - Flowering/fruiting. Large, juicy, firm, richly flavored yellow freestone fruit. Showy double red blossoms. Mid-July. Long-time favorite in Southern California. Low chilling requirement, 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
REDHAVEN PEACH - World's most widely planted peach. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens early July in Central California. Frost hardy. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
REDSKIN ELBERTA PEACH - Cross of Redhaven and Elberta. Excellent quality all-purpose yellow freestone. Frost hardy. Ripens August 1st in Central Calif. Also called Redskin. 850 hours. Self-fruitful.
RIO OSO GEM PEACH - Favorite late yellow freestone. Large, sweet, rich flavor, like J.H. Hale. Fresh/freeze. Small tree Showy bloom. Mid-August in Central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
SATURN PEACH - Flowering/fruiting. Spectacular, large, dark-pink double blossoms. Yellow freeestone fruit is large, juicy, sweet, low in acid & has a fine flavor. Ripens mid-July in central California. Long-time favorite in southern California. Low chilling requirement: 250 - 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
SUMMERSET PEACH - Fine late season yellow freestone, ripens approximately September 1st in Central California. Large, sweet and flavorful. Excellent for canning, freezing or fresh use. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
SUNCREST PEACH - Large, very firm, fine-flavored, yellow freestone. Bright red skin over yellow. Suncrest is the peach immortalized by the book Epitaph for a Peach: four season on my family farm, by David Mas Masumoto(1995). Tree-ripe harvest late July in Central California. Frost hardy blossoms, consistent producer. Originated in Fresno, Calif. Introduced in 1959. 700 hours. Self-pollinating.
SWEET BAGEL PEACH - Flat "Donut" shaped peach with yellow flesh and classic peach flavor. Has large fruit and sets heavily in central California. Moderate chill requirement. 500-700 hours.
SWEET GEM PEACH - Dark red-skinned, firm, early season fruit. Non-acidic and sweet, even while still hard. Extremely sweet and flavorful when soft-ripe. Harvest mid-June to early July in Central Calif. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
TRA-ZEE PEACH - Delicious late season peach. Harvest mid August to early September in Central Calif. Firm, yellow freestone with very attractive dark red skin and excellent flavor. Highly recommended. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
TRI -LITE PEACH x PLUM - A popular variety at DWN fruit tastings. This white-fleshed peach/plum hybrid can be eaten firm. It has a mild, classic flavor with a wonderful plum aftertaste that makes this a unique treat. Early ripening in June. Superior quality canning clingstone.
The only visible difference between a peach and a nectarine is the fuzz. Nectarines do not have fuzz covering the skin. There are slight differences in taste, texture and growth patterns.
ARCTIC BLAZE WHITE NECTARINE - One of the best of the new low acid white nectarines: rich flavor and firm texture in early season, very sweet when soft ripe. Large size, red and creamy white skin. Harvest mid to late-August in Central California, after Arctic Queen white nectarine. Estimated chilling requirement 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
ARCTIC GLO WHITE NECTARINE - Exciting new sprightly-sweet, early season white-fleshed nectarine. High-scoring in taste tests: nice balance of sugar and acid, very appealing flavor. Highly recommended for home orchards. Late June/early July in Central Calif. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful.
ARCTIC JAY WHITE NECTARINE - Taste test winner: best of all fruits at the Dave Wilson Nursery blind fruit tasting held July 5, 1996.' Very attractive, firm, freestone fruit is richly flavored, with a balance of acid and sugar. Ripens between Arctic Glo and Heavenly White nectarines. 800 hours. Self fruitful. Patent pending.
ARCTIC QUEEN WHITE NECTARINE - Delicious, super-sweet white nectarine, very similar to Arctic Rose, but ripening 3-4 weeks later (early August in Central Calif.). Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe - extremely sweet when soft ripe. High-scoring in taste tests. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
ARCTIC ROSE NECTARINE - Delicious, super-sweet, white nectarine. Very high-scoring in taste tests. Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe-extremely sweet when soft ripe. Harvest mid to late July in Central Calif. Highly recommended for home orchards. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
ARCTIC STAR WHITE NECTARINE - Earliest to ripen of the new low acid, super-sweet white nectarines. Rave reviews in trial tastings. Beautiful dark red skin, snow-white semi-freestone flesh. Ripens mid-June in Central California, 4-5 weeks ahead of Arctic Rose. Low winter chilling requirement, about 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
DOUBLE DELIGHT NECTARINE - Sensational fruit consistently the best-flavored yellow nectarine--plus magnificent, double pink flowers. Dark red-skinned, freestone fruit is sweet, with unusually rich flavor--very high-scoring in taste tests. Heavy bearing tree. Harvest early to mid July in Central Calif. 650 hours. Self-fruitful
FANTASIA NECTARINE - Popular, large, yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm-ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet, with rich flavor: high-scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central Calif. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.
FLAVORTOP NECTARINE - Firm, yellow freestone with excellent quality. One of the highest scoring nectarines varieties in DWN fruit tastings. One of the very best! Ripens in mid-July in Central California, between Independence and Fantasia. Susceptible to bacterial spot and tender to winter cold. Large showy blossoms. 650 hours. Self-fruitful.
HARKO WHITE NECTARINE - Sweet, firm, yellow, semi freestone. One of the highest scoring nectarines in DWN fruit tastings. Cold-hardy Canadian variety has showy, large, single pink flowers. Ripens with Redhaven Peach in early July in Central California. Tolerant of bacterial spot and brown rot. 800 hours Self-fruitful.
HEAVENLY WHITE NECTARINE - Consistently one of the highest-scoring fruits in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. (Three time taste test winner!) Very large, firm, white-fleshed freestone. Superb acid-sugar balance and rich, complex flavor - a connoisseur's delight. Dull red and cream-colored skin. Mid-July in Central Calif. 650 hours. Self-fruitful.
LATE LEGRAND NECTARINE - Old favorite yellow-fleshed nectarine. Richly flavored, still one of the best. Very high taste test scores. Attractive red and yellow skin. Harvest mid to late-August in Central Calif. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
LIZ'S LATE NECTARINE - Sprightly-sweet, intense, spicy flavor - the state of the art in fruit breeding. Overall score of 7.5 at the August 25, 1995 Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tasting - the highest for any yellow nectarine or peach to date. Late August/early September in Central Calif. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
FANTASIA (Nectarine) - Requires 650 chilling hours. Very large freestone. Bright red with bright yellow under color. Flesh yellow and good quality. Ripens early-mid July.
RED GOLD (Nectarine) - Requires 850 chilling hours. Large glossy red freestone has excellent flavor and color. Good quality, firm, yellow flesh. Ripens early August.
SUNLITE (Nectarine) - Requires 450 chilling hours. Yellow flesh, red blush. Semi-cling. Ripens very early in mid-late May.
We hope that this explanation of the many types of apples, peaches, nectarines, and figs will help you choose the right fruits for your taste and guide you in what will grow best in your area.
And remember, to get the most from and for your trees, always use Advanced Nutrients products so you get the healthiest, biggest-yielding fruit trees ever seen.